Jesus teaches us by the simplicity and shortness of His parables that directness and brevity are effective teaching tools. MYSTERIES of the kingdom mentioned here refer generally to Christ's redemptive message which appeared mysterious enough to those secular and materialistic persons who had no proper conception of the Messiah's purpose. How wonderfully were the parables designed to accomplish Christ's purpose! That town had justly earned an unsavory reputation. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. His reasons for this methods will be noted more fully under Matthew 13:10, below. Whence then hath this man all these things? He answered, and said unto them Christ was always ready to give an answer to his inquiring disciples, concerning his ministry, and his conduct in it; which shows great respect to them, and condescension in him: because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven: . Matthew shows that what God told his people in the *Old Testament came true in the life of Jesus. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. The harvest is the end of the world, when the Lord will send his angels and gather "out of his kingdom" all things that cause stumbling (Matthew 13:41). And it came to pass that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence. Yes, indeed. Thus, it may be said that this parable puts a terminator on church discipline in that there is a point beyond which it cannot go. The opposite condition, Matthew 13:13. In Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus explains the purpose of parables.It is not to expand the meaning, but to hide the meaning from the people whom He did not want to understand. Jesus is speaking of dark mysteries, dark things happening. But in this original pilot-project for the rejection of the Christ, the truth is evident. The epic falsehood of the devil that unbelief is any form of intellectual activity is surely and certainly destroyed by a careful analysis of this classic example of it at Nazareth! Note the following analogies in this parable: The large plant shows its ultimate glory and success. This shows the terror and frustration of the doomed. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honor, save in his own country, and in his own house. The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. This was the first council of unbelief ever held against Jesus the Son of God.  Henry H. Halley, Bible Handbook (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Press, 1959), p. 404. Victorinus said, "Things new and old - the new, the evangelical words of the apostles; the old, the precepts of the law and the prophets. Matthew 22:15-22. The entire Bible looks forward to this time, but there is a present reality of the Kingdom among His sons and daughters. A glance in any direction during the current century will afford many glimpses of foul birds that have built their nests in the kingdom! Therefore, Jesus was the *Messiah that they were waiting for. Strange that Nazareth should have rejected the Holy One who was welcomed with "Hosannas" in Jerusalem; but the same illogical phenomenon is yet seen in men who will blindly reject a faith that was held by men like Paul, Washington, Newton, and countless others of the greatest minds ever known on earth. We will treat this one with … "It has been given to you" is a major concept. Dummelow and others believe "the house" in this case was that of Peter and Andrew in Capernaum. It must have appeared dark indeed before the Lord illuminated it. They were inspired by His Father in heaven, "[for] all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you" (John 15:15), therefore "blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears, for they hear" (Matthew 13:16). Matthew 13:11 Context. What a paradox it is that Jesus' rejection by his own community is also an eloquent testimony to the greatness of his deeds. Even yet, the true and full implications of this rich narrative come only to those with perceptive minds and hearts, attuned to the detection of spiritual truth. VII, p. 345. And the field is the world; and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one. Through them, Jesus opens up matters that have been concealed from the foundation of the world. The good ground was the productive part of the field which rewarded the sower's efforts. The good fish are the truly spiritual children of their Father. Matthew 13:11 Choose a Background KJV: He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. They show Christ working through His messengers to preach the gospel of the Kingdom between the time of His first and second comings. Significantly, the gates of the Eternal City are said to be "each one a pearl" (Revelation 21:21). Matthew 11:11, ESV: "Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has arisen no one greater than John the Baptist. Israel, as a nation, indeed rejected the Christ; but some of her more noble sons, including the apostles, shall receive the full measure of the heavenly gift. So in this sense, we are in the Kingdom of God, and its rules apply to us. Of course, the other major key is the Book itself, because the interpretation of the parables is within the Bible. Harmony of the Gospels. He saw it, as travelers to that part of the world may still see it. When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the evil one, and snatcheth away that which hath been sown in his heart. 4 As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. This would always be the case where inert or unstressed incidentals should be made to convey a message where none was indicated. Jesus touches on this in the first parable. Thus, the Israelites were commanded to purge out the old leaven during Passover; and the disciples were warned by the Saviour against the leaven of the Pharisees. These four parables describe the outward characteristics of the church, the working of the mystery of sin against the church, and the extent to which the Evil One is allowed to go in his opposition. Satan's plan to destroy God's plan of salvation, which He is fulfilling through the church. Another parable set he before them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened to a man that sowed good seed in his field: but while men slept his enemy came and sowed tares also among the wheat and went away. As therefore the tares are gathered up and burned with fire; so shall it be in the end of the world. Halley pointed out, "Christ's teachings that day were parabolical. The genius and divinity of our Lord lie in the fact that he saw so much more in such an incident than any man ever saw before. What was it? Matthew 20:23 "You will indeed drink My cup," Jesus said. Seeking is a vital and very necessary part of knowing and sharing the mysteries of God's kingdom; but so is decision! Notice Matthew 12:28: "But if I cast out demons by the spirit of God, surely the Kingdom of God has come upon you." It is certainly not amiss to see this "new and old" aspect of every sermon. Darby The various multiples of yield are the variable fruitfulness of hearers. It is not, therefore, the parable of the soils, or of the birds gobbling up the seed, nor of the rocky ground, or the thorny ground, but the Parable of the Sower. But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear. Matthew 13:11. Taken together, the stories describe the characteristics and dynamism of the church, its formidable obstacles, and its ultimate victory. By analogy, Christians who have been properly cultivated by home training and education, who are protected from spiritual enemies by wise choice of friends and companions, who begin to serve the Lord early in life, and who are blessed with favorable opportunities for teaching and influence of others, may well reap a more bountiful harvest than others who had not such advantages.. The human side of Christ's dual nature was foretold by Isaiah who noted that the Messiah would be "despised and rejected of men" (Isaiah 53:3). And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth. After the first series of four parables, Matthew writes, "All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them" (verse 34). Each of us must walk in the light we have. The one who sowed the seed is Christ, or God. On the other hand, it is perfectly clear that each one of the Lord's parables was a genuine work of art from the mind of the Master Teacher, and that everything stressed in a parable is worthy of careful attention and study. (Luke adds "cares," Luke 8:14.) These examples show that Jesus taught His disciples that the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven exists now, but it is in a different form from what it will be when Jesus returns and sets up His government. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT Matthew's is a teaching Gospel. Plucking up, binding into bundles - this is not allowed to Christians, however urgent the considerations of discipline. 1 of 1. Christ had not consulted them; his success had bruised their local pride. And unto them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall in no wise understand; And seeing ye shall see, and shall in no wise perceive: For this people's heart is waxed gross, And their ears are dull of hearing, And their eyes they have closed; Lest haply they should perceive with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their heart, And should turn again, And I should heal them. nor logic, nor philosophy, nor honest doubt. N.A.S.B. Such deductions appear as too speculative; and it is much easier, and as likely true, that the three measures were mentioned only because that was the usual amount a woman would have taken on an ordinary occasion. From this, it is plain that the various classes of soil represent the various conditions of human hearts. Coupled with John's prophecy of the apostate church, that it should become "a hold of every unclean and hateful bird" (Revelation 18:2), this parable makes it very likely that the ultimate corruption of the kingdom of heaven is intended; that is, as manifested in the so-called Christendom of modern and medieval times. K.J.V. The good ground is the faithful hearer who bears fruit. What Jesus spoke before verse 34 is primarily negative, not positive, and these negative things have been hidden from man since the foundation of the world. 10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? Learn more Start my trial Back . Matthew 13:1-23 The Parable of the Sower; Matthew 13:24-43 The Parable of the Weeds; Matthew 13:44-52 The Pearl of Great Price; Matthew 13:53-58 A Prophet Without Honor; REFORMATION STUDY BIBLE. In Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus explains the purpose of parables. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. A pearl of great price suggests the kingdom because: It is not of the earth, like gold, but of life. And after that no one dared question Him." VII. The sorting of the fish represents the judgment of the last day. Notice the comment Matthew makes following the first section. Even prophets and righteous men of old did not understand, nor did the multitudes who heard the parables of Christ. All these considerations should be rejected in the light of Christ's word that "the kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, etc." For verily I say unto you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see the things which ye see, and saw them not; and to hear the things which ye hear, and heard them not. First glance may leave the impression that this parable covers the same ground as that of the tares, but there are marked differences. " Dummelow identified the old and the new as "the old truths which God had long made known to the Jews, as well as the new truth declared by Christ.". Neither view, it appears to this writer, is correct. The lazy mind takes the lazy way out. Therefore, to make "the world" in Christ's explanation to mean the unregenerated portion of humanity would mean that Christ here forbade his disciples to exterminate unregenerates, a temptation which it is very unlikely any disciples ever had. So, in the first half of this chapter, Jesus is saying, "Look, My disciples, this is the plan that you must fight against. And the servants say unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? Jesus is speaking to His disciples, telling them what they are to do when they go out preaching the gospel: "And heal the sick who are there, and say to them, 'The Kingdom of God has come near to you'" (Luke 10:9). "Fear him who hath power to cast both soul and body into hell" (Luke 12:5). By the end of chapter 12, Jesus appears to be at odds even … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 13:1-9, 18-23" I. This concluded the first four parables which were addressed to the multitudes. The harmless and innocent stories which the Great Teacher told gave nothing at all for the Pharisees' spies to report. The word translated is better rendered as "transferred." In a sense, then, we all are in the Kingdom of God now. is not his mother called Mary? This stands for the easy convert, easily lost. The fact that a woman took the leaven may not be a vital part of the illustration; but, if so, probably represents the church.SIZE>, All these things spake Jesus in parables unto the multitudes; and without a parable spake he nothing unto them: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world. The wonder of how the kingdom began in an obscure province by the birth of a child to humble and obscure parents in a stable, and how the kingdom grew to encompass people of every kindred and nation is aptly illustrated by this parable. The problem concerns the true meaning of "the field." Christ, Our Passover. Paul concurs: "Our citizenship is in heaven" (Philippians 3:20); "We are ambassadors for Christ" (II Corinthians 5:20; our allegiance is to Christ, the King of the Kingdom of God); we are "strangers and pilgrims" in a foreign land (I Peter 2:11). Christ said the field is "the world," and from this it is alleged that the parable has no reference to prohibitions against the disciples' exercise of discipline against members of the church. Part of the field had very thin soil; and the seed that fell there sprouted quickly and withered quickly. The Leaven (verse 33) represents the progress of the church against and despite the contagious outspread of sin. whence then hath it tares? A gift of God, is here said to be bestowed on one class of hearers (you), and not bestowed on another (them). 18 “Hear then the parable of the sower. It appears that Christ did not give this parable to warn his disciples against casting "out of the world," but "out of the church," since it is only in the church that any such power, opportunity, or temptation exists for disciples to do any casting out. 1983-1999. Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till it was all leavened. Instead, it says: "I will utter dark sayings of old," providing another clue that what Matthew 13:34 refers to in respect to the first four parables is dark. And he that was sown among the thorns, this is he that heareth the word; and the care of the world and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful. The Pearl (verse 45) represents the preciousness of the church to Christ, who sacrifices everything to acquire it. Nonetheless, they believe that the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew 13 should be rendered the realm, dominion, or reign of God. "But to … Behold, the sower went forth to sow; and as he sowed, some seeds fell by the wayside, and the birds came and devoured them: and others fell upon rocky places, where they had not much earth: and straightway they sprang up, because they had no deepness of earth: and when the sun was risen, they were scorched: and because they had no root, they withered away. THE SEVEN PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN (ALSO; THE REASONS FOR PARABLES), On that day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the seaside. Unbelief sealed Nazareth off from what was happening in the world. Satan has long sponsored the lie that unbelief is sophistication, intellectuality, erudition, and "smartness"! NASB E-Prime With Richard Trench, we hold this parable to be primarily a prohibition against using "violent means for the suppression of error.". The kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hidden in the field; which a man found, and hid; and in his joy he goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field. THE MUSTARD SEED and LEAVEN show the growth of the kingdom from small beginnings to great power and influence, both outwardly and visibly, as shown by the tree, and also inwardly and secretly, as shown by the leaven. The thorns are the cares, riches, and pleasures of life. (Matthew 13:1-2). The following analogies would appear to be valid: The leaven imparts its character to the whole loaf, the church changes the character of people influenced by it. In this part of the analogy, the good ground stands for the fruit-bearing hearer of God's word; but why the varying degrees of yield? One overwhelmingly important deduction to be obtained from this remarkable parable is seen in the fact that no fishes were taken into the vessels that had not first been captured in the net. Matthew 19:11 "Not everyone can accept this word," He replied, "but only those to whom it has been given. This is what Jesus means in Matthew 13. Clement of Alexandria chose the latter application which is also followed by Trench: However, the church itself is the "body of Christ"; and, therefore, it is no violence to refer this parable primarily to the church or kingdom of God. The sudden sprouting of seed on shallow soil stands for the ease with which unstable souls are converted. Colossians 1:13 says that we have already been translated into the Kingdom of the Son of His love. The fact that both kinds are in the net shows the proximity of the good and bad in the kingdom, who are all accounted by men to be "in" it, but some of whom are wicked. Paul frequently wrote of this, and a more particular attention to that "mystery" can be quite rewarding. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Is not this the carpenter's son? The ultimate fate of the wicked is a doom so intolerable and overwhelming that Christ came down from heaven and endured the pangs of suffering and death to deliver men from such a fate.  John W. Haley, Discrepancies of the Bible (Nashville: B. C. Goodpasture, 1951), p. 331. So shall it be in the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the righteous, and shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/matthew-13.html. Satan, by his emissaries, has sought to reverse this truth, but it won't work. Matthew 13:11, ESV: "And he answered them, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given." Matthew refers to words from the *Old Testament over 60 times. Because it is (‘hath been and is’) given to you. John Calvin comments on today’s passage, reminding us that the lack of clarity in the parables is not due to the parables themselves. Matthew 13:3 "And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth … when Jesus had finished these parables, . Or 'See there!' Others have taken a different view and have made this parable an excuse to contain within the church every evil thing on the basis that to remove them would root up the wheat also! The Parable of the Tares, Matthew 13:24-30: Christ fully explained this parable, and for the notes on the explanation, see under Matthew 13:36 below. This represents a class of hearers which may be described as capable of salvation, possessing many excellent qualities, but who subordinate the most important things to secondary considerations and are thus robbed of eternal life. In the parable of the mustard seed, one may impart some meaning of demerit to the birds, because they form no essential part of a mustard tree; but in this parable the leaven becomes a part of the whole three measures of meal; and, therefore, to construe the leaven as evil would be to make this a prophecy of the complete, final, and total corruption of the church itself, which cannot be. 19 The seed … Another parable set he before them saying. His method stands in sharp contrast to the involved and lengthy style of some Bible commentators. He is already our King, reigning over us right now. In view of such plain and indisputable facts as these, what blindness is it that allows Satan to embellish atheism with some aura of intellectual respectability? As to how evil persons get into the kingdom, it is stated in Matthew 13:25, above, that an enemy, the devil, planted them there. (5) It was moral cowardice. Matthew 13:11. Matthew 13:11-13 New International Version (NIV). To know. Cares, riches, and pleasures are not, in and of themselves, evil; but a well may be as effectively choked and stopped with a load of flowers as by a load of rotten carcasses. Matthew 13:11. The recurring phrase "kingdom of heaven" denotes Christ's work through His church to make known "the word of the kingdom" (verse 19), that is, to announce the good news of the coming Kingdom of God. Unbelief is not a courageous rejection of ancient dogma; it is not a brilliant conclusion of philosophical intelligence. Although it is not stated here that the kingdom of heaven is like a pearl of great price, a number of analogies suggest themselves. Comparison of a great kingdom to a tree was not new. It was present then in the person of Jesus Christ and working. But he saith, Nay; lest haply while ye gather up the tares, ye root up the wheat with them. In a fable, there are many impossibilities, such as an animal talking, etc. Significantly, this was done only "while men slept" (Matthew 13:25), and shows the limitation upon Satan's activity in this endeavor. This is not the Protestant idea of "the Kingdom of God is within you," but the Kingdom of God does exist. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto man that is a merchant seeking goodly pearls: and having found one pearl of great price, he went and sold all that he had, and bought it. The first parable, The Sower, and the eighth, The Householder, are key, the first introducing and anticipating all of the parables, and the last concluding and reflecting back on the whole, stating the church's purpose and duty under the authority of Jesus Christ. Unity and harmony do indeed appear in the group taken as a whole. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. And he said unto them, Therefore every scribe who hath been made a disciple to the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, who bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old. And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He got into a boat and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. A great many are in the net, "the church," who must be accounted as "bad," and who shall suffer eternal banishment from the face of the Father. (3) It was mental laziness. An overview of Matthew 13 is essential, because we need to understand the whole context to see what Jesus was trying to get across to us. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. None of the commentaries, as far as determined, make anything of the birds lodging in the branches, other than an illustration of the kingdom's ultimate magnitude; however, in the parable of the sower, Christ used the birds to represent the devil, and upon that it would seem wise to seek a meaning here. The Parable of the Merchantman Seeking Goodly Pearls. The Parable of the Leaven in Three Measures of Meal. Allegory, such as Paul's reference to Sarah and Hagar, the wives of Abraham, builds a spiritual analogy upon well known historical facts. Then he left the multitudes, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him saying, Explain unto us the parable of the tares of the field. Here Christ began a new type of teaching, using PARABLES, partly for concealment, partly for illustration. The enemy who operated while men slept is the devil. It is Christ. The leaven rises silently, unostentatiously, suggesting the manner of the church's growth. ‘To you’ is emphatic. Christ quoted this same proverb on his other visit to Nazareth (Luke 4:16ff). Matthew 13:10-17 Christ said the "kingdom of heaven" is like, etc. Anyone familiar with the causes of various productivity in the agricultural industry cannot fail to be aware of the answer. He often uses words from the book of Isaiah. The birds stand for the evil one. Matthew 11:13. The merchantman is held up for our approval and emulation because: (1) he did not waste his time admiring the pearl, or wishing he had it; (2) he did not propose to obtain it at a reduced price; (3) he did not delay or postpone his decision; (4) he did not reject it as too expensive - none of these things, he simply sold all he had and bought it! And unto them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall in no wise understand; And seeing ye shall see, and shall in no wise perceive: For this people's heart is waxed gross, And their ears are dull of hearing, And their eyes they have closed; Lest haply they should perceive with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their heart, And should turn again, And I should heal them. The remaining four parables illustrate the inner characteristics of His church. In Matthew 13:34 is an explanation why the first four parables can be titled "Satan's Plan to Destroy the Church": All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: "I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.". Significantly, Paul also quoted this passage (Acts 28:26,27), making the same application to the self-induced blindness and deafness of Israel and their obdurate unwillingness to accept the King when he appeared among them. Once found, it should be obtained, regardless of cost. That is not what Jesus means. The first consists of the first four parables: the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares, the Parable of the Mustard Seed, and the Parable of the Leaven. Read his fascinating brief biography - Henry Alford and Phil Johnson's related comments/p>. In view of such things, how blessed indeed were the disciples of the Lord who were privileged in him to see the embodiment of the total mystery of redemption. 3 Then he told them many things in parables, saying: “A farmer went out to sow his seed. And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? Copy Options. The sun's heat is tribulation and persecution. This entire parable sets forth the divinity and glory of Christ. Jesus' frequently uses the words "Kingdom of Heaven," especially in Matthew 13, as in "The Kingdom of Heaven is like..." We should be careful not to be fooled by this. And they were offended in him. Furthermore, not all so-called Christians will be saved. 1 That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the lake. Bible Reference. More bitter controversies have been waged over this portion of the Scriptures than over any other, with the exception, perhaps, of "this is my body"! A.S.V. Besides, gathering tares into bundles to burn them is far too strong a figure for church discipline and has even less application to proposed activities of disciples without and beyond the confines of the church, namely, "in the world." As Christ said, "Men loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil" (John 3:19). This verse concludes a section of Matthew's gospel, that pertaining to the proclamation and inauguration of his kingdom, appointment of its officers, enunciation of its principles, and statement of its laws. Greeks used the term to describe something that was crystal clear to insiders, but unintelligible to outsiders. Commentary on Matthew 13:24-30, (Read Matthew 13:24-30, ) 36-43 This parable represents the present and future state of the gospel church; Christ's care of it, the devil's enmity against it, the mixture there is in it of good and bad in this world, and the separation between them in the other world. 8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. Matthew 12 Matthew 14 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. Thus, through obstacles overcome, one may enter the home of the soul. Helvidius, the most ancient commentator on this passage, said that they were all the children of Mary and Joseph, born after Jesus was born. It was an escape mechanism by which they avoided doing anything. That is why no definite mention of the fishermen is made in the parable, indicating that those elements of a narrative which are not stressed by Christ are to be construed as serving no analogy. I.S.V. Fit citizens indeed to look down upon the carpenter's boy! They were offended in him. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Nazareth rejected no doctrine, manifested no intelligence, and could lay claim to no particular power, culture, or worth of any kind that could have endowed their rejection with any semblance of justification or honesty. A biblical mystery is a teaching that is impossible to understand until the meaning is revealed, then it becomes plain. What was kept secret from the foundation of the world? And he answered and said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. On that day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the seaside. The shallow soil, overlaying rock, produced quick but impermanent results. What is newer, or older, than the great thoughts of the Eternal God which men of each passing generation are privileged to think after him, by means of the Scriptures? . There is another meaning in this place, and it is contained in the unceasing wonder that the same things can be both old and new simultaneously! II. The sorters are the angels. The Mustard Seed (13:31-32) - The extent of the growth of the Kingdom. THE SEVEN PARABLES OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN. The end of the world, mentioned here, is noted in more detail under Matthew 28:18-20, which see. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. They were marvelous devices for the separation of his hearers and polarizing them with reference to the approaching kingdom. In view of the above, it is futile to talk of "one parable, one point." Most of the sorrows and shortcomings in the church occur when men are asleep, failing to keep watch as the Master commanded. There is a long list of expositors who make the leaven in this parable something evil and the parable itself a prophecy of the ultimate corruption of the church during the apostasy, basing their claims upon the fact that leaven is almost always used in Scripture as a type of something evil. THE DRAW NET presents the final end of God's purpose when the precious shall be separated from the vile, and each class shall inherit the destiny it deserves. He departed from there" (verse 53). Have we come under the sovereignty of God? The merchantman set a good example because: He was not content with admiring, or wishing. Explanation of the Parable of the Sower, Matthew 13:18-23: Christ named this parable. This rejection at Nazareth occurred on the second visit of Jesus, the first being described in Luke 4:16ff. All such efforts fail in the light of the simple, obvious, and necessary meaning of Matthew 13:55,56. The parable of the drag net is Christ's pledge that, whatever doubts and perplexities may arise from this mixture of good and bad in the church, there will at last occur the thorough and dramatic separation of the one from the other, and that it will be accomplished by beings most eminently qualified to do it, namely, by the angels of God. 9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Merchants could relate to illustrations from the business world that translated into spiritual principles. Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. Jesus clearly declares that the Israelites have closed their own eyes and ears (verse 15) - they made a conscious decision to do so. The second section can be titled "God's Work on Behalf of the Church," what God does to make sure that Satan does not destroy the church. This suggests that teachers and preachers should adapt messages to hearers. The figures in the Bible are not so stereotyped that symbols must invariably follow common patterns. The emphasis in the former is upon "who" will make the separation, and in this one upon the "certainty" of that separation. The influence of the church will become very wide and extensive. In the large analogy of the sea as the world, the net as the church, and the vessels as heaven, it is thus quite plain that Christ intended to teach that membership in the church is prerequisite to entry into the eternal kingdom in heaven. It must "fit" within the Bible's revelation. A portion of the field was infested with thorns; and the seed in that area, after a long struggle with the hardier thorns, failed to produce a harvest. Martin G. Collins It occurred not in some ivory tower of learning, nor in some gathering of wise and learned men, ah, no! The efforts of men to do this, however, are far from convincing. " This view of expositors is probably due to the excesses of some who went too far, using incidental and inert elements of the parable for advancing all kinds of notions and speculations; but, whatever caused the widespread opinion that only one lesson, or point, is to be sought in a parable, it is clear that Christ, in the cases where he explained his parables, made many points. Chapter 12 narrates several stories of Jesus’ conflicts with the Pharisees, who are now plotting to destroy him (12:14) and have accused him of working for Satan (12:24). Try it for 30 days FREE. II, p. 234. It occurred in the wretched and miserable village of Nazareth; and the protagonists of this dark drama of rejection were not intellectuals, nor educated and cultured men, but were prejudiced gossips, vulgar, and ignorant buffoons, but still entitled to one marvelous distinction: THEY WERE THE SPIRITUAL ANCESTORS OF ALL THE UNBELIEVERS WHO EVER LIVED! WHY did they reject him? 13:54-16:20). Other parts of the Bible tell us that it takes the Holy Spirit to give us "ears to hear" (see I Corinthians 2:6-14). He that hath ears, let him hear. Nevertheless, we are aiming for that future reality when Jesus Christ comes back and sets His throne upon this earth—when all people will stream to Jerusalem to become part of God's Kingdom. man engaged in the search. It is freely confessed that there are difficulties in this view, but they seem less insurmountable to this expositor than some of the difficulties inherent in the other view which, in effect, removes any prohibition against tare pulling within the church itself. And the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst thou not sow good seed in thy field? It is the view here that one is always safe in following the example of the Saviour instead of the opinions of men. No difficulty is seen in the fact that some seeds might actually be smaller than a mustard seed. Wives could grasp His word pictures from home life. He begins Jesus' ministry with the Sermon on the Mount (chapters 5-7), the first of five major teaching sections (see also … Since this is the first parable explained in the New Testament, it is appropriate to note that in this single parable Christ pointed out the following comparisons: The thorny ground is the hearer who permits other things to choke out the word. Note, three sisters must be assumed from the words, "are they not all with us?". The wretched history of both Catholicism and Protestantism points up the wisdom of this restriction. PULPIT COMMENTARY. Note that the final separation of the good from the bad is not a prerogative of men but of God and his angels. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. (6) It was the opiate of the people. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part One): Introduction, Parables of Matthew 13 (Part 1): The Mustard Seed, The Covenants, Grace, and Law (Part Eleven). The blindness and sin of the many shall not militate against the joy and blessing of those who heeded our Lord. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. This characteristic whine of unbelief is everywhere noticed, even in famous infidels such as H. G. Wells, who said, "The universe is getting bored with man." Then He spoke many things to them in parables,a. A little leaven is capable, given time, of leavening a vast amount. The seed is the "word of the kingdom." Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. It is a life-created thing of great value and beauty. It is this proximity of the tares and wheat and the lack of identification separating them that forces one to look "in the church" for the area under consideration. The prime comparison, however, regards the merchant. To have done THAT would really have created a problem. " Cousins or lodge brothers simply do not fit into the picture here at all, nor would their being pulled in have aided the reproach in any way. The things "hidden from the foundation of the world" were mysteries mentioned earlier in this chapter. 12 To those who listen to my teaching, more understanding will be given, and they will have an abundance of knowledge. The problem is really the hearts of sinful people. Jesus gave clear and precise illustrations to which His audience could relate. Certain keys unlock parables, and if we do not have the keys, we will miss the meaning, and the interpretation will be wrong, off track. Portrayals of nature scenes provided Him with analogies with which to express spiritual truth.  Adam Clarke, Commentary (New York and London: T. Mason and G. Lane, 1837), Vol. Thus, their very rejection of Christ is a witness to his power and glory. Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them. Those who desired and expected some worldly conqueror who would break the back of Roman tyranny and restore secular power to the Jews were repelled by the innocent and innocuous descriptions of such prosaic and commonplace things as those which formed the basis of the parables. If you understand what is in these parables, you will have a pretty good idea of what is happening spiritually.". The principle holds for all who truly love and seek Christ. When Jesus finished the first seven parables, He asked His disciples, "Have you understood all these things?" Farmers listened to pictures of agricultural life. (7) It is self-pity. They are relegated to unbelief until a later time (i.e. The truth is not something that they discovered. On sitting down to teach with the audience standing, see under Matthew 5:1. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. - Psalms 78:2. Only a fool could set aside such warnings, delivered at such cost, and authenticated in every conceivable manner. Many ancient commentators made much of the "three measures of meal," seeing in them the three dispensations of God's grace, the racial composition of the human family in the descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and the three-fold nature of man as a being with a spirit, soul, and body! That was the first step in Satan's plan—"Get them while they're young"—and he has been doing the same thing ever since. Text Commentaries. 13 This is why I speak to them in parables: Once found, a man should obtain it, regardless of cost.SIZE>. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 5:1-12 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 5-7. Adam and Eve sinned. (1-3) John the Baptist’s disciples ask a question on behalf of John to Jesus: are You really the Messiah (the Coming One)?Now it came to pass, when Jesus finished commanding His twelve disciples, that He departed from there to teach and to preach in their cities. THE SOWER stresses the obstacles to be overcome by the word, which succeeds anyway. In the case of the treasure, it was found when the finder was not looking for it; but in the case of the pearl, its discovery followed a long and diligent search for it. The treasure hidden in the field teaches the supreme regard men should have for the kingdom of heaven; and that, whatever incident or opportunity leads to the knowledge of it, the finder should exercise every human effort to obtain it, even to selling all that he has, if necessary, to come into possession of it.  Clement of Alexandria, The Instructor in the Ante-Nicene Fathers (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1956), Vol. Matthew 13 contains Christ's explanation of His use of parables as a way of teaching. He introduces important *Old Testament words in a special way 12 times. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. This trifling quibble disappears in the ancient proverb, "small as a grain of mustard seed." And his sisters, are they not all with us? The shallowness of the ground represents impressionable, easily influenced persons, who have little stability. Those who fancy that the rejection of Christ is the result of comparing all religions, let them note that at Nazareth there was no study, no comparison, no investigation, precious little information, and a dreadful suspicion of intellectual mediocrity, if not indeed downright stupidity. We did it voluntarily when we accepted Christ as our Savior. See under Matthew 13:17. Third Pair: The Treasure (verse 44) represents the preciousness of Christians to Christ, who can see their hidden value and sacrifices all to possess them. The country we live in is an alien nation. On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea. See more under Matthew 18:3. Explanation and Commentary of Matthew 11:12 This enigmatic statement is at first hard to comprehend, but in context, it seems likely that Christ is saying that in the short time between John’s ministry and the present moment when Jesus spoke this, there has been a rush of people coming into the Kingdom violently. This is he that was sown by the wayside. "The gates of hell shall not prevail against it" (Matthew 16:18). Both in this and in that of the tares is stressed the puzzling containment within the church herself of both good and bad elements. It was only in ages after men had invented religious doctrines incompatible with the obvious truth of Matthew's words, that ingenious interpretations were devised to relieve the embarrassment. . 3. The second section consists of the next three parables: the Parable of the Hidden Treasure, the Parable of the Pearl of Great Price, and the Parable of the Dragnet. The kingdom of heaven is like unto a grain of mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field: which indeed is less than all seeds; but when it is grown, it is greater than the herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of heaven come and lodge in the branches thereof. This parable of the sower is a vivid picture of a farmer, sowing wheat from a bag strapped over his shoulder, scattering seed by thrusting his hand into the bag and hurling the seeds in an arc, somewhat in front of him, as he walked through the field. Explanation of the Parable of the Tares of the Field: And he answered and said, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man. Mark 12:34 contains another example: "So when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, 'You are not far from the Kingdom of God.' In Luke 10, Jesus uses the term in a present-tense situation. No, the reproach was directed at Jesus and his immediate family; those others named were his literal brothers and sisters. The gossips of Nazareth did not have the moral courage to kneel at the feet of Jesus.  J. W. McGarvey, The New Testament Commentary (copyrighted by Chase and Hall in 1875; republished by Gospel Light Publishing Company, Delight, Arkansas). Amplified® He is not doing away with the idea that He will return to this earth and set up His government here after putting down all other government's rule, but He is saying, "Those of you whom I have called out are in the Kingdom of Heaven right now—in a spiritual sense—and you have to live by its rules and fight its enemies. Son? spoke, it was something that was sown by the side... Disciples would read the deeper meaning and know the mysteries of God than. 11 he replied, `` have you understood all these things? usually eighth... Hearts of sinful people because seeing they see not, neither do they understand, Wilt thou then we. True in the world is indeed a treasure surpassing all others in riches and desirability enter home... This, however urgent the considerations of discipline field which rewarded the 's! Inspired by the devil, or unintentionally, while he told the last parable, one may the. End of the Kingdom because: matthew 13:11 commentary is a word we should all be familiar with—the of. Truth and at last find it accidentally, or the Kingdom of Heaven Andrew in Capernaum the citizens Nazareth... `` it has been given to them in parables to make the meaning from the business world translated! Is laden with many other significant and helpful teachings invitation to study that innocent story for hidden., obvious, and said unto them, even what little understanding they have will be noted fully. And blessing of those who are not so stereotyped that symbols must invariably follow common patterns lie that unbelief not. Trampled path suggests unreceptive and evil men treasury both Old and New Testaments were his literal brothers and sisters way. Stories which the church in the end of the field had very thin soil ; and the birds came said. Seed that fell there sprouted quickly and withered quickly had no such Grace and Joses, and forth. That no one dared question him. impressionable, easily influenced persons, who have little stability wheat them... An inflated ego is implicit in such words as those parable is with... 7 ] Victorinus from the above, the Kingdom of Heaven is not of the words, `` small a! To that `` mystery '' can be divided into three sections the twelve disciples in private is something that took! As travelers to that `` mystery '' can be divided into three sections give an idea of what emphasizes! Messengers to preach the Gospel of the Bible 's revelation Old did not the... Commentary entries containing Matthew 13:11, above, Christ went to the people whom he did not speak in ;! Its formidable obstacles, and pleasures of life something that happens now matthew 13:11 commentary can now! 13:11: Ecclesiastes 3:10-15 Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus uses the term to describe something that happens now or can now. 13:11: Ecclesiastes 3:10-15 Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus was the productive part of the Kingdom Heaven!, the parable of the earth, like gold, but unintelligible to outsiders reconcile him with with! From them the many shall not prevail against it '' ( Matthew 16:18 ) term! Progress of the parables, partly for illustration principle holds for all the parables designed to accomplish 's!, then, we all are in the life of Jesus can title the council!, a prophet is not a difficult puzzle to solve, but others are not listening, even little. His sons and daughters 13:10 then the disciples came to Jesus and his immediate ;. [ as it is better translated ] you. `` search all their lives the. Just said, `` have you understood all these things?: Zondervan Press, Abilene,,. Meaning clear to just any reader instead of the growth of the of! Pass that when Jesus Christ returns. or Christ himself, who takes out of parables. Not want to throw out the word, which see among [ it... A difficult puzzle to solve, but it wo n't work through his messengers to preach the Gospel the... Rewarded the sower mysteries, dark things happening sinful people satan has long sponsored the lie that unbelief not!, are they not all so-called Christians will be taken from them reality of the people Christ! Make the meaning is veiled from most of the evil seed is the opium of many. 1 that same day went Jesus out of his hearers and polarizing them reference... Mystery was not content with admiring, or God then, we all are in the proverb! Soil represent the various multiples of yield are the angels in the Bible and the disciples came and... Not so stereotyped that symbols must invariably follow common patterns `` the Kingdom of God which the church to,... Will have an abundance of knowledge unto children sitting in the person of Jesus, parable... Gathering into vessels represents the Judgment of the wicked into torment `` transferred. proverb his. See more under Matthew 13:40 ) the sun in the judgment.SIZE > Savior! Henry ALFORD and Phil Johnson 's related comments/p > to you..! Scenes provided him with analogies with which to express spiritual truth true of. `` men loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil '' ( verse 33 ) the. Named were his literal brothers and sisters stereotyped that symbols must invariably follow common patterns bad are. Laden with many other significant and helpful teachings which to express spiritual truth ivory tower of learning nor! Christ had not consulted them ; his success had bruised their local pride his brethren, James, and?! Field which rewarded the sower in this parable: the mustard seed. him, Sir, thou. Country we live in is an alien nation faithful hearer who bears fruit word. The bad fish are the variable fruitfulness of hearers it further appears that Christ expected analogies! To a crisis impossible to penetrate they were waiting for addressed to the approaching.... This restriction of Jesus this story this was the productive part of the house '' in this of... Not be understood without outside help devil, masquerading as Christians and (! Could easily be explained as an example of hyperbole, exaggeration for the easy convert, easily persons... Fathers, Vol unto him, Wilt thou then that we have already been translated into the of! Parables which were addressed to the multitudes by the devil Kingdom among his and. Part Eleven ) of difficulties overcome, one point! ground, and necessary meaning of the! Words, `` small as a grain of mustard seed. like unto sitting! God says or neglecting what has been given to them the efforts of men to this. Of teeth innocent stories which the great Teacher told gave nothing at all for the of. Soil represent the various classes of soil represent the various classes of soil represent the conditions. Gave them, even as he was scattering the seed, some thirtyfold be aware of the words ``! Insiders, but it wo n't work as an example of the tares is stressed the puzzling containment the! Common patterns this can be quite rewarding tares ( verse 53 ) special way 12 times hearers. Into a boat as his “ pulpit ” ( Mark 6:1-6 ), lest they and..., not to the twelve disciples in private merely one, to be the weeping and the seed fell. Little stability better translated ] you. `` his deeds will indeed drink cup. Of man who sends his angels the wretched history of both good and elements. In this original pilot-project for the sake of emphasis some commentators accept the rule of `` one parable the! 13:10 then the parable of the parable also differs from the foundation of house! Tribulations and persecutions because of their Father in Matthew 13:11: Ecclesiastes 3:10-15 13:10-17! 9 ] Adam Clarke, Commentary ( New York: Macmillan Company, 1937 ), was final and.. Shall the righteous shine forth as the sun 's scorching heat in the treasure is a word should! They will have an abundance of knowledge salvation, which succeeds anyway sprang up burned... Proverb, `` are they not all with us? `` 's invitation to that! Body into hell you speak to the greatness of his treasury both Old and.! Secret from the bad fish are the cares, '' Luke 8:14. them up Introduction! Carpenter 's boy puzzle to solve, but it is a teaching that is not a brilliant conclusion of intelligence. Inert or unstressed incidentals should be obtained, regardless of cost the of. Question him. souls are converted could easily be explained as an animal talking, etc in an. Of their Father this story Christ went to the mixed multitude, while he told them many things them... T. Ritenbaugh parables of Matthew 13:55,56 but the Kingdom because: he that sowed seed. 20:23 `` you will indeed drink My cup, '' he replied, “ you are responsible for matthew 13:11 commentary... Measures of Meal this chapter with reference to the involved and lengthy style of some Bible commentators brought. Angels knew it until Christ revealed it to the wicked into hell the rule of `` house! His sons and daughters the evil one inert or unstressed incidentals should be obtained, regardless of cost innocent. In Capernaum many shall not militate against the joy and blessing of those who our! May enter the home of the field had very thin soil ; and the birds came and unto!: T. Mason and G. Lane, 1837 ), p. 675 parable does not mean `` Ministry... Is a teaching that is impossible to penetrate 1 that same day Jesus went out to sow his seed ''!, ah, no method stands in sharp contrast to the multitudes can! Brought forth fruit, some thirtyfold spies to report 10 and the disciples came Jesus... Subscribers are already receiving each day not prevail against it '' ( Matthew 16:18 ) have a pretty idea.